In Indonesia, the eruption of the world famous volcano Anak-Krakatau

Woke up to the world famous volcano Anak-Krakatau in Indonesia. He erupts, throwing into the sky a huge column of smoke and lava. It is reported by 9 news.

Friday was the first recorded eruption of the volcano Anak-Krakatau in Lampung.

In the report of the Center for volcanic and geological disaster disasters (PVMBG) said that the first eruption lasted one minute and 12 seconds, beginning at 9:58 PM. The column of ash and smoke rose 200 meters.

Erupsi Gunung Krakatau #Erupsi #GunungApi #Krakatau

— BNPB Indonesia (@BNPB_Indonesia) April 10, 2020

The center of Volcanology reported a second explosion at 10:35 PM. It lasted 38 minutes and 4 seconds. At this time, the height of release reached 500 meters. A 15-kilometer ash plume carried by the wind, which was blowing to the North.

«The PVMBG monitoring shows that the eruption lasted until Saturday morning at 5:44 WIB (Western Indonesian time)», — said the head of information and communication centre, National Agency for mitigating of disaster (BNPB) agus Wibowo.

Last devastating eruption of Anak-Krakatau occurred in the year 2018.

Then the scientists said the volcanic island was reduced almost to a quarter of its former size because the outer part of the monolith was destroyed.

BNPB said that after the eruption in 2018 the peak of the crater is 110 metres above sea level. Two months before the eruption in 2018, its height is 338 meters. It shows how active you can be each eruption, and how it can affect nearby areas.

Beautiful video of Krakatoa volcano eruption in Indonesia. #AnakKrakatau

— T. Vishnu Narayanan (@visnarayanan) April 11, 2020

As reported Jakarta Post,some Internet users in a Large Jakarta said they heard a loud rumble before the reports of the eruptions of the volcano. The authorities, however, questioned this assumption, stating that the eruption could not even be heard from the observation post of the Anak-Krakatau.

«[Loud rumbling] may not be associated with the eruption», — said the head of PVMBG Cassani.

People who live near the volcano in Buntine and Lampung, also tweeted that heard nothing.

Expert on Volcanology of Surono, however, suggested that the users of the network in Big Jakarta may be right.

The sound caused by the eruption, could impact throughout greater Jakarta, as in this area there is less activity and noise as a result of widespread social restrictions associated with COVID-19, he said.

Coincidentally, Friday marked the first day Karenina in the capital.

🇮🇩The #Indonsian #volcano of #AnakKrakatau has #erupted, the Indonesian government reports on Friday.

The eruption was thought to be the #biggest on Anak Krakatau since the violent partial #collapse of the volcano in December 2018 which triggered a devastating #tsunami.

— CCTV Asia Pacific (@CCTVAsiaPacific) April 11, 2020

In Lampung BPBD reported no smell of sulphur or rain of volcanic ash in the region and warned local residents that volcanic activity at Anak-Krakatau stopped.

«BPBD contacted the group of observers of Anak-Krakatau. They said that the status of the volcano is still «alarming», but volcanic activity has ceased, therefore residents are advised not to panic «, said agus.

Military and police are in standby mode, together with officials of the villages and districts in connection with the possible evacuation of residents.

Cassani said the eruption was relatively small compared to eruptions that occurred in the period from December 2018 to January 2019.

«[The eruption] is still within the expected level. Potential eruption could occur but was not detected in volcanic activity that could lead to the strengthening of their intensity», said Cassani.

Rahmatullah, a resident of the island Sebesi, located 19 kilometers from the volcano, reported that the island began to fall thick ash.

«Thick ash began to fall at midnight. He’s still lying in front of my house», said Rahmat, adding that the residents living on the coastline, were evacuated after the warnings of officials.

The last major eruption occurred in December of last year, when the volcano threw a column of ash height of 200 meters. This led to a tsunami in which at least 430 people were killed, more than 1400 were injured.

After the eruption on Friday, the residents of the coastline of Kalianda in South Lampung was also evacuated for fear that a tsunami could happen again.

«They immediately fled to the mountains, because I remember well the consequences of the previous tsunami», — said the resident of South Lampung Umar.

Surono said that now a tsunami less likely because of the tsunami in 2018 was caused by soil erosion as a result of years of eruptions.

He said that the eruption of the Anak-Krakatau, have become commonplace.

«At one point, the mountain continuously erupted for years, but now the residents are more afraid of the tsunami».

Anak-Krakatau, which means «the Child of Cretaceou», is a volcanic island that emerged in 1927.

The volcano of Krakatoa (1883)

The eruption of Krakatoa occurred on Sunday, 26 August 1883. The next day at 10:20 a giant explosion tore apart the volcanic cones of Danan and Perbuatan. The roar of the explosion was heard in Australia, at a distance of 3600 km, and Rodrigues island in the Indian ocean, a remote, nearly 5000 km.

The explosion lifted into the air more than 18 cubic km of rocks. Ash fell on an area of about 827 000 sq. km. In Jakarta, the main city of the island of Java, he darkened the Sun to such an extent that it was almost full dark. The finest dust reached the stratosphere of the Earth and spread across the globe, provoking unusual twilight in all countries of the world. Ash lowered global surface temperature by 1 degree Celsius.

A terrible explosion caused a tsunami up to 40 m, killing 36 000 people. Even in the English channel between Britain and France, the instruments recorded an increase in tide height.

On a scale Hedervari (P. Hedervari, 1963), the eruption of Krakatoa in 1883 is estimated at magnitude 9.54 points. It is equivalent to the explosion of 21 547 atomic bombs.